This is a declaration against racial discrimination. I can’t breathe, I can’t breathe! It is the cry not only of a George Floyd, who was calling for help seconds before his death, but of millions of people around the world who are experiencing racial discrimination. Those are the final voices of Eric Garner and many others who have died at the hands of racial discrimination.
How can we explain that in the 21st century we are still fighting against racial discrimination in our society? How is it possible that there is so much racism after so many articles, videos and conversations about how this affects the human being? How is it possible that we have not found a solution to a problem as degrading as this yet? Could it be that someday we will have an answer to the agonizing cry of those who are victims of racial discrimination?
There is no answer that can calm the voice of those who suffer. I think the same commitment this country made to put a man on the moon in the 1960s, when the human rights movement was at its peak, must be made to eradicate inequality. In 1980, the World Health Organization declared smallpox eradicated. This was a reality thanks to the joint effort of experts from all around the world. If humanity has joined together to achieve incalculable achievements, and has strived to eradicate destructive diseases such as smallpox and many others, how is it possible that the chronic disease of racism, which affects millions of people discriminated against in the world, has not yet been eradicated from the planet?
In this blog I do not intend to minimize the answers to complex questions like these, but I do want to raise my voice and try to bring solutions to a problem that seems not to end. Albert Einstein said that if he had an hour to save the world, he would solve it this way: He would spend fifty-five minutes defining the problem and only five minutes finding the solution. The real lesson from Einstein’s approach to this problem-solving technique is that we must spend much more time making sure we have properly and fully defined the problem, and less time looking for practical solutions.
One of the latent problems that our society is experiencing is that the changes that people have tried to apply to eradicate racial discrimination as a chronic disease have been first order changes. In systemic therapy, there are two types of changes: first order changes and second order changes. The first order change refers to an adaptive and evolutionary change, in which the characteristics of the system are changed, but its fundamental nature remains the same. In the second order change, a revolutionary and fundamental change is experienced, in which the nature of the system is significantly altered.
The first order changes to eradicate racial discrimination are: talking about better working conditions, more government programs for minorities, more protests on the streets to demand justice and changes in knowledge about existing racism. All these first order changes are important, but they will never bring the change demanded by the voices of men and women who daily say “I can’t breathe” .
If we want to see changes that can eradicate all racial discrimination at once, we must turn to promoting second order changes; changes that shake the foundations of our beliefs and perspectives on life. We need to see changes in people’s attitude, changes in the worldview of the human being.
If we want to have a different society, the second order changes that we must see must begin at home. All type of racisms are eradicated in home. Trying to eradicate racism on the streets or at government voting booths is looking for solutions using first order changes.
That policeman who put his knee on George Floyd’s neck probably learned in his home that minority people are inferior to him through the comments his parents made about minority people: the line he saw since he was a little kid, that divided people; mocking, sarcasm and despotic comments that this young man later learned from his friends at school. All this was influencing the character that person developed and that ended up leading him to commit a criminal act.
Not only that, I am pretty sure that those beliefs that policeman received in his home, that made him a racist, were not simply influenced by his parents, but it is very likely that they have run in his family for generations, because no one ever had the courage raise and break that generational curse of inequality and injustice for all kids of racial discrimination.
If you join me in seeking second order changes, we must talk about parents who teach their children that we are all members of one family, the family of God. We have the same Creator who created us all equally. We all carry the same blood. We must see families sheltering people with cultural or ethnic differences that allow breaking barriers of all kind of inequality.
Second order changes begin in churches. Yes, churches, because despite all the knowledge we have about racism, we continue to struggle with divisions within religious circles that reflect the continuity of an unsolved problem. We must preach more about this matter. We need to teach more and confront injustice more.
Second order changes begin in schools. Schools that do not tolerate inequality; schools that look at all students equally and do not discriminate against the all minority. I am talking about changes in people’s hearts, not just saying it.
Jesus exemplified these second order changes when he sat down to talk to the Samaritan woman, breaking the paradigms that existed in his society regarding this ethnic group. He did not care what other people might say; nor cared about his reputation. He simply challenged existing beliefs about inequality and joined those who say: “I can’t breathe.” The change that Jesus brought was so influential back in his day that many Samaritans followed him and his disciples learned to see marginalized people in a different way.
Readily, he healed Gentiles and praised their faith (Matthew 8: 5-13; 15: 22-28) and taught his church to do the same (Acts 10-11). The apostle Paul’s ministry was intended for the Gentiles. The inclusiveness of Jesus’ message is summed up in Galatians 3:28: “There is no longer Jew or Greek, slave or free, man or woman, but you are all one in Christ Jesus.”
Sadly, many have distorted the teachings of the Bible to try to justify human fear and prejudice. The “curse of Ham” is considered by some as an excuse for hating Africa-descendant people. Others insist that Jews were responsible for Jesus’ death and deserve being scorned by us. Both views are evidently false. The Bible tells us that God’s judgment is not based on appearances, but on what is within man (1 Samuel 16: 7), and those who judge according to appearances do so with iniquitous intentions (James 2: 4). Instead, we should treat each other with love (James 2: 8), regardless of ethnicity (Acts 10: 34-35) and social position (James 2: 1-5). Christian love denies all prejudice and the Bible condemns racism.
I challenge you to raise your voice and join many who try to say “I can’t breathe” with tears in their eyes. The same way that Abel’s blood cried out to God from the ground, the iniquitous acts of injustice and inequality continue to cry out before the throne of grace for justice and equity. One day God will do justice and bring revenge.
The question I am asking you is: whose side will you be on? Will you be on the side of those who broke the paradigms to join the voice of the marginalized and those who suffered, or will you just let yourself be carried away by the humanist current that tries to justify human indolence? Raise your voice today and join those who say: “I can’t breathe.” Please share with me in the comment below the solution that you propose to this chronic problem. We need to work together to eradicate all types of racism.